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In Latin America the struggle against forced disappearances started. The Mothers of Plaza de Mayo became yardstick for many people in other countries, e.g. Turkey, where the struggle started with the campaign to save the life of Hasan Ocak. He had been disappeared on March 21, 1995 due to his political activities. 57 days after his kidnapping he was found by his relatives and friends on a grave yard for none identified dead people. His body showed severe marks of torture. The relatives and friends of Hasan Ocak organised their struggle against disappearances according to the struggle of the Madres del Plaza de Mayo. The so-called “Saturday Mothers” started their weekly vigils May 27, 1995 in front of the University of Galatasaray in Istanbul.
Out of the Hasan Ocak campaign the DMP – democratic struggle platform – was founded and organised together with many other organisations, like IHD (Human Right Association of Turkey), EKB, (Working Women), AGIF (federation of working immigrants from Turkey in Germany) the 1. International Conference against disappearances under custody under the name of “SUSMA” (cry out) in Istanbul. The conference was attended by delegates from all over the world, many of whom were the families of ‘disappeared’ people. There were relatives from Chile, Uruguay, Colombia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Iraq, Palestine, Turkey, Kurdistan, England, France, Germany and more than 100 members of syndicates, intellectuals, human right fighter. The conference was successful despite the prohibition of the conference by the Turkish authorities. It became clear to all participants that it is necessary to erect an international network to struggle against disappearances and other human right violations and ICAD International Committee against Disappearances was founded.
xenical without prescription What ICAD stands for
ICAD is for the ending the state policy of disappearances in every country in the world.
ICAD is opposed to all disappearances.
ICAD strives for an independent and popular movement to stop disappearances and related abuses of human rights. We support the families and movements of the disappeared in their struggle for truth and justice.
ICAD recognises that our struggle to stop disappearances is inextricably linked with the people’s struggle to live free from torture, assassination, unfair trials, political imprisonment and massacres.
ICAD affirms the legitimacy and necessity of popular struggles for social justice. We work with those parties and movements fighting for social justice, and from whose ranks the disappeared have been taken. We encourage and support the collective responsibility of social and political movements to defend their members’ human rights.
ICAD is opposed to all forms of collaboration by the rich and powerful nations with state regimes that carry out disappearances – the supply of arms, trade and investment, and their refusal to grant political asylum to refugees.
ICAD is for the creation of independent tribunals of truth and justice. The perpetrators of disappearance are either members or auxiliaries of the state apparatus. The states that are the authors of disappearance also grant their agents impunity from criminal prosecution. Therefore it is impossible to investigate, prosecute, try or punish those personally responsible for disappearances while relying on the permission and institutions of the responsible state.
ICAD strives to give a focus internationally to the struggle against disappearances. We will co-operate with all existing local, national and international organisations fighting against disappearances. Our intention is to consolidate and bring together movements affiliated together in one international, democratic platform of struggle.
How ICAD Works
ICAD will establish an international network of sections. Turkey, Switzerland, France, Britain, Netherlands, Germany and the Philippines already have ICAD sections. ICAD will support the creation of new national sections as required to struggle against disappearances.
ICAD holds an international congress at least once every two years in countries where disappearances occur to support local social movements and relatives of the disappeared.
ICAD produces analytical, factual and campaigning materials to publicise the struggle against disappearances.
ICAD will initiate campaigns in solidarity with the disappeared, their comrades and relatives. Especially during the “international weeks for the disappeared” from 17 to 31 May every year ICAD organises and supports activities.
ICAD supports initiatives for an international independent tribunal against the perpetrators.